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USCG National Tankerman & STCW V/1 – 1&2 Tanker Cargo Endorsements

 
License Description

 

Tankerman is a qualified rating endorsement on a Merchant Mariner Credential (MMC). A Tankerman is a standalone credential that may or may not be STCW endorsed. Mariners may add a Tankerman endorsement to any other Deck or Engineering credential such as, Able Seaman, QMED, and Deck or Engineering Officer License. A Tankerman endorsements will be issued as meeting either DL – Dangerous Liquid Cargoes and/or LG – Liquid Gas Cargoes or both. Tankerman endorsements are available at the following levels:

National Endorsements and STCW Equivalents

National   Endorsement

STCW Endorsement  

Limitations/Comments  

Tankerman-Assistant DL

Basic Oil and Chemical Tanker Operations

STCW endorsement is a single endorsement valid for   service on both oil tankers and chemical tankers.

Tankerman-Assistant LG

Basic Liquefied Gas Tanker Operations

Tankerman-PIC DL

Advanced Oil Tanker Operations or

Advanced Chemical Tanker Operations

Mariners should have the endorsement appropriate to the vessel’s cargo.

Tankerman-PIC LG

Advanced Liquefied Gas Tanker Operations

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Tankerman-PIC (Barge) DL

Advanced Oil Tanker Operations or

Advanced Chemical Tanker Operations

Mariners should have the endorsement appropriate to the   vessel’s cargo. STCW endorsement will have a limitation to non-self propelled   vessels.

Tankerman-PIC (Barge) LG

Advanced Liquefied Gas Tanker Operations

STCW endorsement will have a limitation to non-self   propelled vessels.

Tankerman-Engineer DL

Advanced Oil Tanker Operations or

Advanced Chemical Tanker Operations

Mariners should have the endorsement appropriate to the   vessel’s cargo. STCW endorsement will have a limitation to maintenance and   repair of cargo equipment.

Tankerman-Engineer LG

Advanced Liquefied Gas Tanker Operations

STCW endorsement will have a limitation to maintenance   and repair of cargo equipment.

Required Examinations

Tankship Familiarization topics must consist of the topics identified in Table 1

Tankerman-PIC, tankerman-PIC (barge), and tankerman-engineer endorsements must consist of the topics identified in Table 2

Firefighting topics identified in Table 3.

Table 1 Tankship familiarization topics

Tankship familiarization topics

1

2

Basic knowledge of tankers:

   

   

types of oil and chemical vessels or liquefied gas tanker vessels

X

X

general arrangement and construction

X

X

Basic knowledge of cargo operations:

   

   

piping systems and valves

X

X

cargo pumps and cargo handling equipment

X

X

loading and unloading and care in transit

X

X

tank cleaning, purging, gas-freeing and inerting

X

X

Basic knowledge of the physical properties of oil and chemicals:

   

   

pressure and temperature, including vapor pressure/temperature relationship

X

 

types of electrostatic charge generation

X

 

chemical symbols

X

 

Basic knowledge of the physical properties of liquefied gases, including:

   

   

properties and characteristics

 

X

pressure and temperature, including vapor pressure/temperature relationship

 

X

types of electrostatic charge generation

 

X

chemical symbols

 

X

Knowledge and understanding of tanker safety culture and safety management

X

X

Basic knowledge of the hazards associated with tanker operations, including:

   

   

health hazards

X

X

environmental hazards

X

X

reactivity hazards

X

X

corrosion hazards

X

X

explosion and flammability hazards

X

X

sources of ignition

X

X

electrostatic hazards

X

X

toxicity hazards

X

X

vapor leaks and clouds

X

X

extremely low temperatures

 

X

pressure hazards

 

X

Basic knowledge of hazard controls:

   

   

inerting, water padding, drying agents and monitoring techniques

X

X

anti-static measures

X

X

ventilation

X

X

segregation

X

X

cargo inhibition

X

X

importance of cargo compatibility

X

X

atmospheric control

X

X

gas testing

X

X

Understanding of information on a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)

X

X

Function and proper use of gas-measuring instruments and similar equipment

X

X

Proper use of safety equipment and protective devices, including:

   

   

breathing apparatus and tank-evacuating equipment

X

X

protective clothing and equipment

X

X

resuscitators

X

X

rescue and escape equipment

X

X

Basic knowledge of safe working practices and procedures in accordance with legislation and industry   guidelines and personal shipboard safety relevant to oil and chemical tankers, including:

   

   

precautions to be taken when entering enclosed spaces

X

X

precautions to be taken before and during repair and maintenance work

X

X

safety measures for hot and cold work

X

X

electrical safety

X

X

ship/shore safety checklist

X

X

Basic knowledge of first aid with reference to a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)

X

X

Basic knowledge of emergency procedures, including emergency shutdown

X

X

Basic knowledge of the effects of oil and chemical pollution on human and marine life

X

X

Basic knowledge of shipboard procedures to prevent pollution

X

X

Basic knowledge of measures to be taken in the event of spillage, including the need to:

   

   

report relevant information to the responsible persons

X

X

assist in implementing shipboard spill-containment procedures

X

X

prevent brittle fracture

 

X

Column 1—Tankship familiarization (dangerous liquids).

Column 2—Tankship familiarization (liquefied gases).

Table 2 Tankship and tank barge course topics

Tankship and tank barge course topics

1

2

3

4

General characteristics, compatibility, reaction, firefighting procedures, and safety precautions for the cargoes of:

       

Bulk liquids defined as Dangerous Liquids in 46 CFR Part 13

X

X

   

Bulk liquefied gases & their vapors defined as Liquefied Gases in 46 CFR Part 13

   

X

X

Knowledge and understanding of the physical and chemical properties of oil and chemical cargoes

X

     

Physical phenomena of liquefied gas, including:

       

Basic concept

   

X

X

Compression and expansion

   

X

X

Mechanism of heat transfer

   

X

X

Potential hazards of liquefied gas, including:

       

Chemical and physical properties

   

X

X

Combustion characteristics

   

X

X

Results of gas release to the atmosphere

   

X

X

Health hazards (skin contact, inhalation, and ingestion)

   

X

X

Control of flammability range with inert gas

   

X

X

Thermal stress in structure and piping of vessel

   

X

X

Cargo systems, including:

       

Principles of containment systems

X

X

X

X

Construction, materials, coating, & insulation of cargo tanks

   

X

X

General arrangement of cargo tanks

X

X

X

X

Venting and vapor-control systems

X

X

X

X

Cargo-handling systems, including:

       

Piping systems, valves, pumps, and expansion systems

X

X

X

X

Operating characteristics

X

X

X

X

Instrumentation systems, including:

       

Cargo-level indicators

X

X

X

X

Gas-detecting systems

X

 

X

X

Temperature-monitoring systems, cargo

X

 

X

X

Temperature-monitoring systems, hull

   

X

X

Automatic-shutdown systems

X

 

X

X

Auxiliary systems, including:

       

Ventilation, inerting

X

X

X

X

Valves, including:

       

Quick-closing

X

X

X

X

Remote-control

X

X

X

X

Pneumatic

X

X

X

X

Excess-flow

X

X

X

X

Safety-relief

X

X

X

X

Pressure-vacuum

X

X

X

X

Heating-systems: cofferdams & ballast tanks

   

X

X

Operations connected with the loading and discharging of cargo, including:

       

Lining up the cargo and vapor-control systems

X

X

X

X

Pre-transfer inspections and completion of the Declaration of Inspection

X

X

X

X

Hooking up of cargo hose, loading arms, and grounding-strap

X

X

X

X

Starting of liquid flow

X

X

X

X

Calculation of loading rates

X

 

X

 

Discussion of loading

X

X

X

X

Ballasting and deballasting

X

X

X

X

Topping off of the cargo tanks

X

X

X

X

Discussion of discharging

X

X

X

X

Stripping of the cargo tanks

X

X

   

Monitoring of transfers

X

X

X

X

Gauging of cargo tanks

X

X

X

X

Disconnecting of cargo hoses or loading arms

X

X

X

X

Cargo-tank-cleaning procedures and precautions

X

X

   

Slop arrangements

X

     

Ship-to-ship transfers

X

     

Operating procedures and sequence for:

       

Inerting of cargo tanks and void spaces

X

X

X

X

Cooldown and warmup of cargo tanks

   

X

X

Gas-freeing

X

X

X

X

Loaded or ballasted voyages

X

 

X

 

Testing of cargo-tank atmospheres for oxygen & cargo vapor

X

X

X

X

Stability and stress considerations connected with loading and discharging of cargo

X

X

X

X

Loadline, draft, and trim

X

X

X

X

Disposal of boil-off, including:

       

System design

   

X

X

Safety features

   

X

X

Stability-letter requirements

X

 

X

 

Emergency procedures, including notice to appropriate authorities, for:

       

Fire

X

X

X

X

Collision

X

X

X

X

Grounding

X

X

X

X

Equipment failure

X

X

X

X

Leaks and spills

X

X

X

 

Structural failure

X

X

X

X

Emergency discharge of cargo

X

X

X

X

Entering cargo tanks

X

X

X

X

Emergency shutdown of cargo-handling

X

X

X

X

Emergency systems for closing cargo tanks

X

X

   

Rules & regulations (international and Federal, for all tank vessels) on conducting operations and preventing pollution

X

X

X

X

Pollution prevention, including:

       

Procedures to prevent air and water pollution

X

X

X

X

Measures to take in event of spillage

X

X

X

X

Danger from drift of vapor cloud

X

X

X

X

Environmental protection equipment, including oil discharge monitoring equipment

X

     

Terminology for tankships carrying oil and chemicals

X

     

Terminology for tank barges carrying oil and chemicals

 

X

   

Terminology for tankships carrying liquefied gases

   

X

 

Terminology for tank barges carrying liquefied gases

     

X

Principles & procedures of crude-oil-washing (COW) systems, including:

       

Purpose

X

     

Equipment and design

X

     

Operations

X

     

Safety precautions

X

     

Maintenance of plant and equipment

X

     

Principles & procedures of the inert-gas systems (IGSs), including:

       

Purpose

X

 

X

 

Equipment and design

X

 

X

 

Operations

X

 

X

 

Safety precautions

X

 

X

 

Maintenance of plant and equipment

X

 

X

 

Principles & procedures of vapor-control systems, including:

       

Purpose

X

X

X

X

Principles

X

X

X

X

Coast Guard regulations

X

X

X

X

Hazards

X

X

X

X

Active system components

X

X

X

X

Passive system components

X

X

X

X

Operating procedures, including:

       

Testing and inspection requirements

X

X

X

X

Pre-transfer procedures

X

X

X

X

Connecting sequence

X

X

X

X

Start-up sequence

X

X

X

X

Normal operations

X

X

X

X

Loading and unloading plans

X

     

Emergency procedures

X

X

X

X

Cargo-hazard-information systems

X

X

X

X

Safe entry into confined spaces, including:

       

Testing tank atmospheres for oxygen & hydrocarbon vapors

X

X

   

Definition and hazards of confined spaces

X

X

X

X

Cargo tanks and pumprooms

X

X

X

X

Evaluation and assessment of risks and hazards

X

X

X

X

Safety precautions and procedures

X

X

X

X

Enclosed space rescue

X

     

Personnel protective equipment (PPE) and clothing

X

X

X

X

Maintenance of PPE

X

X

X

X

Dangers of skin contact

X

X

X

X

Inhalation of vapors

X

X

   

Electricity and static electricity—hazards and precautions

X

X

X

X

Emergency procedures

X

X

X

X

Federal regulations, national standards & industry guidelines

X

X

X

X

Inspections by marine chemists & competent persons, including hot-work permits & procedures

X

X

X

X

Vessel response plans:

       

Purpose, content, and location of information

X

X

X

X

Procedures for notice and mitigation of spills

X

X

X

X

Geographic-specific appendices

X

X

X

X

Vessel-specific appendices

X

X

X

X

Emergency-action checklist

X

X

X

X

Column 1—Tankship: Dangerous Liquids.

Column 2—Tank Barge: Dangerous Liquids.

Column 3—Tankship: Liquefied Gases.

Column 4—Tank Barge: Liquefied Gases.

Table 3 Firefighting course topics

Firefighting course topics

1

2

Elements of fire (Fire triangle):

   

Fuel

X

X

Source of ignition

X

X

Oxygen

X

X

Ignition sources (general):

   

Chemical

 

X

Biological

 

X

Physical

 

X

Ignition sources applicable to barges

X

 

Definitions of flammability and combustibility:

   

   

Flammability

X

X

Ignition point

X

X

Burning temperature

X

X

Burning speed

 

X

Thermal value

 

X

Lower flammable limit

X

X

Upper flammable limit

X

X

Flammable range

X

X

Inerting

 

X

Static electricity

X

X

Flash point

X

X

Auto-ignition

X

X

Spread of fire:

   

By radiation

X

X

By convection

X

X

By conduction

X

X

Reactivity

X

X

Fire classifications and applicable extinguishing agents

X

X

Main causes of fires:

   

Oil leakage

X

X

Smoking

X

X

Overheating pumps

X

X

Galley appliances

 

X

Spontaneous ignition

X

X

Hot work

X

X

Electrical apparatus

 

X

Reaction, self-heating, and auto-ignition

 

X

Fire prevention:

   

General

X

X

Fire hazards of DL and LG

X

X

Fire detection:

   

Fire- and smoke-detection systems

 

X

Automatic fire alarms

 

X

Firefighting equipment:

   

Fire mains, hydrants

 

X

International shore-connection

 

X

Smothering-installations, carbon dioxide (CO2), foam

 

X

Pressure-water spray system in special-category spaces

 

X

Automatic sprinkler system

 

X

Emergency fire pump, emergency generator

 

X

Chemical-powder applicants

 

X

General outline of required and mobile apparatus

 

X

Fireman's outfit, personal equipment

 

X

Breathing apparatus

 

X

Resuscitation apparatus

 

X

Smoke helmet or mask

 

X

F

Sea Service Requirements

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Renewal of tankerman endorsement.

An applicant seeking to renew a tankerman endorsement or an STCW endorsement valid for service on tank vessels must meet the requirements, for renewing an MMC and meet the following additional requirements:

For endorsements as tankerman-PIC, advanced oil and chemical tanker cargo operation; and advanced liquefied gas tanker cargo operations, present evidence of—

  • At least 90 days of service during the preceding 5 years onboard a tank vessel for which the endorsement is valid, performing duties appropriate to the tankerman endorsement held; and participation in at least two transfers of liquid cargo in bulk of the type for which the endorsement is valid within the preceding 5 years; or
  • Completion of an approved course for Tankship: Dangerous Liquids or Tankship: Liquefied Gases, appropriate for the endorsement to be renewed, within the previous 5 years.

For endorsements as tankerman-assistant, basic oil and chemical tanker cargo operation; and basic liquefied gas tanker cargo operations, present evidence of—

  • At least 90 days of service during the preceding 5 years onboard a tank vessel for which the endorsement is valid, performing duties appropriate to the tankerman assistant endorsement held; or
  • Completion of an approved course for Tankship: Dangerous Liquids or Tankship: Liquefied Gases, appropriate for the endorsement to be renewed, within the previous 5 years.

For endorsements as tankerman-PIC (Barge), present evidence of—

  • Participation in at least two transfers of liquid cargo in bulk of the type for which the endorsement is valid, within the preceding 5 years; or
  • Completion of a course approved for this purpose, appropriate for the endorsement to be renewed, within the previous 5 years.

For endorsements as tankerman-engineer, present evidence of—

  • At least 90 days of service during the preceding 5 years onboard a tank vessel for which the endorsement is valid, performing duties appropriate to the tankerman engineer endorsement held; or
  • Completion of a course approved for this purpose, appropriate for the endorsement to be renewed, within the previous 5 years.

Expiration of endorsement.

An endorsement as tankerman is valid for the duration of the merchant mariner credential on which the endorsement appears.

Re-issuance of expired tankerman endorsements.

Whenever an applicant applies for re-issuance of an endorsement as any tankerman rating more than 12 months after expiration of the previous endorsement, the applicant must meet the requirements for an original endorsement.